Tag Archives: land conservation

Our land, our water, our heritage


Today we start a series about the Land and Water Conservation Fund, which turns 50 on September 3. Northeast Region Chief of Realty, Joe McCauley, starts off our series with his take on why the fund is so important to our country.

In 1964, the Congress and President Lyndon Johnson performed a great service to the American people when they established the Land and Water Conservation Fund. Land, water, and conservation: simple terms that, when combined, speak directly to who we are as a people.

We have not always been as vigilant as we should be to conserve our nation’s natural resources, as evidenced by the mass clearcutting of eastern forests in the 19th and early 20th centuries, and the dust bowl era of the 1930s. But even if we have to play catch-up, time after time we show, through laws like the Land and Water Conservation Act, that we do care about our land and water, and the wild things that depend on them.

My job is to oversee the purchase of lands for national wildlife refuges in the 13 northeast states using the Land and Water Conservation Fund. Reflecting back on the work of our current and former land protection staff, it is gratifying to see the amazing results of our efforts, in partnership with thousands of landowners who have helped leave a lasting legacy for all Americans.


The iconic Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, home to Lake Drummond, one of only two natural lakes in Virginia. The refuge provides unique fishing and boating on Lake Drummond, annual hunting opportunities and habitat for various species of mammals, birds and butterflies. The Land and Water Conservation Fund has conserved nearly 47,000 acres of this environmentally and biologically important 110,000-acre refuge.

Over 50 national wildlife refuges in our northeast states were established or have grown because of the Land and Water Conservation Fund.  With these funds, more than 160,000 acres in the densely-populated northeast are now permanently protected as part of the National Wildlife Refuge System. Without the Land and Water Conservation Fund, the fate of these valuable fish and wildlife habitats would be in jeopardy. These lands and waters not only support hundreds of migratory bird species, and many threatened and endangered species of fish, wildlife and plants, but are also available for recreation and education, making these purchases a wise investment in our future.

We have many “greats” in our region: Great Swamp, home to the first Wilderness Area designated on Department of the Interior lands; Great Meadows, serving the urban and suburban population of Boston; and Great Dismal Swamp, our region’s largest refuge at over 100,000 acres, once surveyed by George Washington. History plays an important role in many refuges as evidenced by native American names such as Massasoit, Missisquoi, and Rappahannock. We honor conservation heroes like Rachel Carson, Congressman Silvio O. Conte and Senator John H. Chafee, who said if he was reincarnated, he wanted to come back as a Fish and Wildlife Service employee! We would have loved to have had him in the ranks.


Since 1956, the fund has helped support our wildlife refuges, parks and historic sites; conserved our forests, rivers, lakes and wildlife habitat; and provided access to recreation, hunting and fishing for current and future generations.

If you have visited our 50+ refuges that have lands purchased with the Land and Water Conservation Fund, you know first-hand how important these funds are. You may have watched your child catch his or her first fish, or learned the skill of hunting from your grandfather. You may have gone on a field trip to learn about the fish and wildlife in the place where you live, or seen your first bald eagle diving for a catch. You may have seen tens of thousands of waterfowl take flight at dawn or a lone great blue heron stalking the marshes. If you haven’t, you still can, thanks to the Land and Water Conservation Fund, and the foresight of our nation’s leaders who made it happen 50 years ago.

$850 million raised, 6 million acres protected … duck stamps have conservation clout

The Migratory Bird Conservation and Hunting Stamp, familiarly known as the duck stamp, is a tiny stamp that wields a lot of conservation clout. Since 1934, sales of the stamp have raised $850 million for the acquisition and protection of more than 6 million acres of wetlands and grasslands as part of the National Wildlife Refuge System.


South Dakota artist Adam Grimm’s painting of a canvasback graces this year’s duck stamp. His work was selected from 202 entries in the annual federal duck stamp art contest, the only art competition sponsored by the federal government. See the gallery of duck stamps from over the years.

The stamp sells for $15, and ninety-eight percent of every dollar is invested in wildlife habitat protection. The program is considered one of the most successful conservation programs in the world.

The legacy of duck stamp dollars is strong in the Northeast. For example, more than 90-percent of the refuge lands in Delaware were acquired with stamp sale revenue, which is administered by the Migratory Bird Conservation Commission. Find out which national wildlife refuges are part of this legacy.

While hunters over the age of 16 are required to purchase a duck stamp each year in order to hunt migratory waterfowl, duck stamps are also purchased by collectors, birders, conservationists, educators, and many others. The duck stamp also serves as a free pass onto national wildlife refuges that charge a fee for admission (although many don’t).

The 2014-2015 duck stamp goes on sale today at many sporting good and retail stores, and at some post offices and national wildlife refuges. You can also purchase it online.

In the Northeast, many national wildlife refuges have been able to conserve lands because of these Stamp/MBCF dollars. For example, almost 98 percent of the 4,700-acre Parker River National Wildlife Refuge in Massachusetts was purchased through Stamp/MBCF dollars, as have 95 percent of the 16,000-acre Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge in Delaware.


Duck stamp dollars at work protecting a marsh at the Pondicherry Division of the Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge in New Hampshire.

The Stamp is also a free pass for an entire year, July to July, at all national wildlife refuges that charge for admission. It’s a real bargain!

Today, we recognize the invaluable contribution we all can make whether we’re hunters, hikers, bird watchers or artists simply by buying a duck stamp. It’s the ultimate example of paying our outdoor heritage forward.